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Carol Mutch: The format of a typical research report

July 25, 2012

“- Introduction: has a quote, summary, statistical statement, or high-impact sentence to gain the reader’s interest, followed by the purpose of the study.

Context or background: explains why the study is needed at this time or how it fits within the social, educational, or political context.

Literature review: establishes what else has been said or researched about this topic and how this study relates to the literature.

Theoretical framework: helps the reader determine the perspective of the author or the theoretical tools that will be used to make sense of the data.

Methodology: outlines the main research approach and the specific strategies used to gather the necessary data. This could also explain how the researchers dealt with ethical issues and might signal how they analysed the data.

Findings: displays the data as appropriate to the research approach along with interpretations of the data and possible theory building or confirmation/disputation.

Discussion: discusses the significance of the findings and the implications for this topic, the field, or practitioners.

Conclusion: is usually a summary of the key points. The author(s) might round off the argument by restating the problem and how this research has contributed to its understanding or solution and might conclude with suggestions for further reserach.

List of references: this gives full bibliographic details of all source documents cited in the text.”

Ref: p. 22 Carol Mutch (2005) Doing Educational Research: A Practitioner’s Guide to Getting Started. NZCER Press: Wellington


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