Random but interesting…
In a letter to the editor, Mike Pinchen refers to a BBC History Magazine (July, 2013) article titled ‘Where History Happened’ and quotes from it, writing:
“the war at sea often lacked the… very high casualties that marked the land battles. For many British Communities it was, therefore, the army that swallowed local men, and it was in land warfare terms that they memorialised the conflict.”
He goes on to discuss briefly the impact ship losses had on the communities in their home ports, but this comment on the pre-eminence of land warfare in the memorialisation of conflict is thought-provoking.
ref: Mike Pinchen ‘Naval war memorial’ p.18, letters, p.18-19 BBC History September 2013
In a brief essay, some 10 years ago, Margaret Mahy explored the situation of writing fiction from New Zealand to both New Zealanders and the world (a topic she returned to regularly). She begins this discussion with an 1891 quote by Kate McCosh Clark, then goes on to explain what this quote highlights of the New Zealand scene for her. Mahy wrote (and quoted):
[McCosh Clark:] “The scenes of Christmas tales read by English-speaking children have been for the most part naturally laid amid winter, snow, and leafless landscape. The Yule-log and the holly-berry have been time-honoured “properties.” But there are, growing up under the Southern Cross, generations of children, with English speech and English hearts, to whom the Yule-log at Christmas is unmeaning and the snow unknown.”
[Mahy:] “The author of this assertion was Kate McCosh Clark in her New Zealand children’s book A Southern Cross Fairy Tale, published in 1891. It’s worth mentioning because it reveals that the search for an adequate New Zealand identity in children’s books is over a hundred years old, and because simply declaring that children should find their wider identities affirmed by the stories they read does not necessarily ensure that reflection automatically takes place.
New Zealand is a country looking energetically inward, defining and redefining its own identity, yet simultaneously longing to be recognized by the wider world. So the recent success of the film Whale Rider leads to a curious mood of local self-congratulation. See! We too, just by being who we are, can be up there with the best – a mood that is currently encouraged by curiosity from the outside world. Whale Rider! Amazing! What else is going on in New Zealand?
Whale Rider exemplifies oddities that attend books in general and the New Zealand situation in particular….” (italics in original, p.213)
“Whale Rider focuses attention on the curious situation of children’s literature in new Zealand: writers must produce stories that offer imaginative dimension to local children leading local lives, but it is advantageous if those writers also speak with global voices, thereby increasing their chances of making a reasonable living and buying time to write again. There is resistance in the United States and the United Kingdom to books embodying background and idiom other than their own. “Our readers will be alienated by the difference,” editors can declare (though admittedly we have progressed past the stage when British editors used to ask me not to mention summer Christmases since the paradox might confuse their readers, though there was no suggestion that stories featuring a winter Christmas might confuse ours).” (p.214)
“Whale Rider is a story by a Maori novelist, a story with an essentially Maori essence made available to the world through European technology.” (p.214) [Mahy went on to discuss Maori literature further, but I do find this particular sentence provocative.]
Ref: Margaret Mahy ‘Looking Inward, Exploring Outward’ The Horn Book Magazine March/April 2004 pp.213-218
Recognition, Political and Interpersonal: Gay Tribalism in Witi Ihimaera‘s The Uncle’s Story Tan, Yanwei. MFS: Modern Fiction Studies60 (2014 Summer): 366-386.
Toward Transpacific Ecopoetics: Three Indigenous Texts Huang, Hsinya. Comparative Literature Studies50.1 (2013): 120-147.
The State of the Nation’s Narratives Ihimaera, Witi. In Storytelling: Critical and Creative Approaches, edited by Shaw, Jan, Kelly, Philippa, Semler, L E, 15-27. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan, 2013.
Whale Rider: The Re-Enactment of Myth and the Empowerment of Women Dodd, Kevin V. Journal of Religion and Film16.2 (2012 Oct): 26 pages.
Metaphor as Argument: A Stylistic Genre-Based Approach Badran, Dany. Language and Literature: Journal of the Poetics and Linguistics Association21.2 (2012 May): 119-135.
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‘The Continuum of the World Corrected’: Allegorical Form and (Trans)National Communities in the Historical Fiction of Witi Ihimaera Dalley, Hamish. CLIO: A Journal of Literature, History, and the Philosophy of History41.2(2012 Spring): 221-244.
Psychological Trauma: Representations of Gay Male Sexuality in Māori and Pākehā New Zealand Literature Fox, Alistair. In Sexuality and Contemporary Literature, edited by Gwynne, Joel, Poon, Angelia, 147-167. Amherst, NY: Cambria, 2012.
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From Body Snatchers to Mind Snatchers: Indigenous Science Fiction, Postcolonialism, and Aotearoa/New Zealand History Alessio, Dominic. Journal of Postcolonial Writing47.3 (2011 July): 257-269.
The Lonely and the Alone: The Poetics of Isolation in New Zealand Fiction D’Cruz, Doreen; Ross, John C. Amsterdam, Netherlands: Rodopi, 2011.
Striding Both Worlds: Witi Ihimaera and New Zealand’s Literary Traditions Kennedy, Melissa. Amsterdam, Netherlands: Rodopi, 2011.
Hybridity and Indigeneity in Contemporary Maori Litterature of Aotearoa/New Zealand: Witi Ihimaera Fox, Alistair. In Littératures d’aujourd’hui: Contemporain, innovation, partages culturels, politique, théorie littéraire: Domaines européen, latino-américain, francophone et anglophone, edited by Bessière, Jean, 91-101. Paris, France: Honoré Champion, 2011.
‘I Am Not a Slave … I Will Be Worthy of My Native Land’: Italian Melodrama as Resistance Strategy in Witi Ihimaera‘s Work Della Valle, Paola. In Experiences of Freedom in Postcolonial Literatures and Cultures, edited by Oboe, Annalisa, Bassi, Shaul, 103-114. London, England: Routledge, 2011.
What the Whales Would Tell Us: Cetacean Communication in Novels by Witi Ihimaera, Linda Hogan, Zakes Mda, and Amitav Ghosh Steinzvand, Jonathan. In Postcolonial Ecologies: Literatures of the Environment, edited by DeLoughrey, Elizabeth, Handley, George B, 182-199. Oxford, England: Oxford UP, 2011.
Terms of Ambivalence: Cultural Politics and Symbolic Exchange Prentice, Chris. Australian Literary Studies25.4 (2010 Nov): 33-54.
Maori Cowboys, Maori Indians Somerville, Alice Te Punga. American Quarterly62.3 (2010 Sept): 663-685.
[Crossing Mythical Boundaries and Homing in Witi Ihimaera‘s The Whale Rider] Cha, Heejung. Journal of English Language and Literature/Yǒngǒ Yǒngmunhak56.2 (2010): 277-299.
Think Local Sell Global: Magical Realism, The Whale Rider, and the Market Eckstein, Lars. In Commodifying (Post)Colonialism: Othering, Reification, Commodification and the New Literatures and Cultures in English, edited by Emig, Rainer, Lindner, Oliver, 93-107. Amsterdam, Netherlands: Rodopi, 2010.
Representations of Childhood in the Stories of Katherine Mansfield and Witi Ihimaera Oettli-Van Delden, Simone. In Antipodean Childhoods: Growing Up in Australia and New Zealand, edited by Ramsey-Kurz, Helga, Ratheiser, Ulla, 145-160. Newcastle upon Tyne, England: Cambridge Scholars, 2010.
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Nostalgia and Hierarchy in Witi Ihimaera‘s Early Short Stories Andersson, Ulrika. In Antipodean Childhoods: Growing Up in Australia and New Zealand, edited by Ramsey-Kurz, Helga, Ratheiser, Ulla, 161-170. Newcastle upon Tyne, England: Cambridge Scholars, 2010.
Literature as Resistance in the Maori Renaissance: Patricia Grace, Witi Ihimaera, Alan Duff Wilson, Janet. Anglistik20.1 (2009 Mar): 173-186.
Inside the Text: The Private Side of Maori Writing Kennedy, Melissa. Journal of Postcolonial Writing45.1 (2009 Mar): 61-69.
Rootedness and Mobility in International Indigenous Literatures Schacht, Miriam Helga. U of Texas, Austin, 2009 Jan. DA3315291.
Manifestation of Self and/or Tribal Identity? Māori Writing in the Global Maelstrom Moura-Koçoğlu, Michaela. In Transcultural English Studies: Theories, Fictions, Realities, edited by Schulze-Engler, Frank, Helff, Sissy, Perner, Claudia, Vogt-William, Christine, 221-231. Amsterdam, Netherlands: Rodopi, 2009.
Exclusion and Revolt in Witi Ihimaera‘s Whale Rider Visser, Irene. Commonwealth Essays and Studies30.2 (2008 Spring): 63-73.
In the Belly of the Canoe with Ihimaera, Hulme and Gorodé: The Waka as a Locus of Hybridity Ramsay, Raylene. International Journal of Francophone Studies11.4 (2008): 559-579.
‘Are You for Real?’: Witi Ihimaera‘s Eidolon Camouflage Kennedy, Melissa. Moving Worlds: A Journal of Transcultural Writings8.2 (2008): 107-116.
Benign Xenophobia? The Testimony of Maori Literature Panny, Judith Dell. In Embracing the Other: Addressing Xenophobia in the New Literatures in English, edited by Mohr, Dunja M, 37-47. Amsterdam, Netherlands: Rodopi, 2008.
Native Stages: The Revision of History in Witi Ihimaera‘s Woman Far Walking Calleja, Paloma Fresno. In Representing Minorities: Studies in Literature and Criticism, edited by Touaf, Larbi, Boutkhil, Soumia, 108-113. Newcastle upon Tyne, England: Cambridge Scholars, 2008.
The Interplay of the Local and the Global in Witi Ihimaera‘s Revisions Heim, Otto. Journal of Postcolonial Writing43.3 (2007 Dec): 310-322.
Maoritangta in Whale Rider and Once Were Warriors: A Problematic Rebirth through Female Leaders De Souza, Pascale. Studies in Australasian Cinema1.1 (2007): 15-27
Narrating the Feminine Nation: The Coming-of-Age Girl in Contemporary New Zealand Cinema Wiles, Mary M. In Youth Culture in Global Cinema, edited by Shary, Timothy, Seibel, Alexandra, 175-188. Austin, TX: U of Texas P, 2007.
Gender, Race, Feminism, and the International Girl Hero: The Unremarkable U.S. Popular Press Reception of Bend It Like Beckham and Whale Rider Projansky, Sarah. In Youth Culture in Global Cinema, edited by Shary, Timothy, Seibel, Alexandra, 189-206. Austin, TX: U of Texas P, 2007.
Cultural Rhetoric in Coming-Out Narratives: Witi Ihimaera‘s The Uncle’s Story Tawake, Sandra. World Englishes: Journal of English as an International and Intranational Language25.3-4 (2006 Aug-Nov): 373-380.
The Symbolic Function of the Operatic Allusions in Witi Ihimaera‘s The Dream Swimmer Fox, Alistair. Journal of Postcolonial Writing42.1 (2006 May): 4-17.
Riding the Whale? Postcolonialism and Globalization in Whale Rider Prentice, Chris. In Global Fissures: Postcolonial Fusions, edited by Joseph, Clara A B, Wilson, Janet, 247-267. Amsterdam, Netherlands: Rodopi, 2006.
Spaze: Void States and the Mother-Child Relationship in The Matriarch, The Dream Swimmer, Cousins and Baby No-Eyes Crawford, Jen. Kunapipi: Journal of Postcolonial Writing27.2 (2005): 268-275.
A Man’s ‘True Face’: Concealing/Revealing Masculinities in Novels by Alan Duff andWiti Ihimaera Roussos, Timotheos. Philament5 (2005 Jan): (no pagination).
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Beyond Boundaries: Centre/Periphery Discourse in Oe Kenzaburō’s Dojidai gemu &Witi Ihimaera‘s The Matriarch Isherwood, Christopher. New Zealand Journal of Asian Studies5.2 (2003 Dec): 115-144.
Holy Sea-Cow Murdoch, Claire. Landfall: New Zealand Arts and Letters206 (2003 Nov): 97-105.
Whale Tale: New Zealand’s Niki Caro Brings Maori Legend to Life Garcia, Maria. Film Journal International106.6 (2003 June): 16-18.
A Maori Writer in Two Worlds Meklin, Margaret. Gay & Lesbian Review Worldwide10.1 (2003 Jan-Feb): 30-32.
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Masculinity & Desire: Rewriting the Polynesian Body Ihimaera, Witi. In Joseph Keene Chadwick: Interventions and Continuities in Irish and Gay Studies, edited by Rieder, John, O’Mealy, Joseph H, Wayne, Valerie, 122-131. Honolulu, HI: College of Languages, Linguistics and Literature, University of Hawaii, 2002.
Rewriting or Writing Back? Witi Ihimaera‘s Dear Miss Mansfield Glage, Liselotte. In Crabtracks: Progress and Process in Teaching the New Literatures in English, edited by Collier, Gordon, Schulze-Engler, Frank, 321-329. Amsterdam, Netherlands: Rodopi, 2002.
Traditions of Guardianship in Maori Literature Heim, Otto. In Colonies, Missions, Cultures in the English Speaking World: General and Comparative Studies, edited by Stilz, Gerhard, 299-306. Tübingen, Germany: Stauffenburg, 2001.
Constructing the Present: Insider/Outsider Perspective in Fiction by Figiel, Pule andIhimaera Tawake, Sandra. SPAN: Journal of the South Pacific Association for Commonwealth Literature and Language Studies50-51 (2000 Apr-Oct): 1-11.
Contemporary Maori Cultural Practice-from Biculturalism towards a Glocal Culture Riemenschneider, Dieter. Journal of New Zealand Literature18-19 (2000-2001): 139-160.
‘The Singing Word’: Witi Ihimaera Interviewed by Juniper Ellis Ellis, Juniper. Journal of Commonwealth Literature34.1 (1999): 169-182.
Intelligibility and Meaningfulness in Multicultural Literature in English (Excerpts) Dasenbrock, Reed Way. In Maxine Hong Kingston’s The Woman Warrior: A Casebook, edited by Wong, Sau-ling Cynthia, 159-169. New York, NY: Oxford UP, 1999.
Katherine Mansfield and Witi Ihimaera: A Typology of Reception Baumann, Uwe. In Intercultural Encounters-Studies in English Literatures, edited by Antor, Heinz, Cope, Kevin L, 563-588. Heidelberg, Germany: Carl Winter Universitätsverlag, 1999.
The Status of ‘Fantasy’ in Maori Literature in English: The Case of Witi Ihimaera Durix, Jean-Pierre. European Journal of English Studies2.1 (1998 Apr): 11-26.
And Then There’s Us: A Maori Perspective Ihimaera, Witi. Poetica: An International Journal of Linguistic-Literary Studies50 (1998): 195-207.
Spiritcarvers: Interviews with Eighteen Writers from New Zealand Sarti, Antonella; Evans, Christopher Bennet (foreword). Amsterdam, Netherlands: Rodopi, 1998.
Nationalism vs. Internationalism? Witi Ihimaera‘s The Matriarch and Critical Abjection Prentice, Christine. In Nationalism vs. Internationalism: (Inter)National Dimensions of Literatures in English, edited by Zach, Wolfgang, Goodwin, Ken L, 549-555. Tübingen, Germany: Stauffenburg, 1996.
Mythic Grandeur or Pastoral Naiveté in Tangi by Witi Ihimaera Simms, Norman. Recovering Literature: A Journal of Contextualist Criticism20 (1994): 5-22.
Disappearance through Integration: Three Maori Writers Retaliate Morrow, Patrick D. Journal of Commonwealth and Postcolonial Studies1.1 (1993 Fall): 92-99.
Why Novels? Why Short Stories? A Note on the Use of Genres in the Works of Witi Ihimaera and Albert Wendt Isernhagen, Hartwig. Commonwealth Essays and Studies16.2 (1993 Spring): 34-37.
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Witi Ihimaera‘s Fiction: From Indigenous Myth to Late Modernist City Night? Isernhagen, Hartwig. World Literature Written in English24.1 (1984 Summer): 189-199.
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